Traveling to the historic building of Plaosan temple in Klaten

Traveling to the historic building of Plaosan temple in Klaten - The Plaosan temple that was built by Rakai Pikatan has some uniqueness compared to other temples, namely two main temples are "twin" and the terrace with a smooth surface. In the Plaosan temple, there are figures of Prajnaparamita, Amitabha, and Vajrapani.

After visiting Prambanan temple, you don't rush back to the inn. It because close to the beautiful Hindu temple, you can also see other interesting temples. Moving 1 kilometer northwards, you will find the Plaosan temple. It is a temple that was built by Rakai Pikatan for his wife, Pramudyawardani. The Plaosan temple is situated in the Bugisan hamlet, Prambanan sub-district, Klaten regency. The Plaosan temple architecture is a blend of Hindu and Buddhist.

Plaosan temple

The Plaosan temple area is divided into 2 groups, namely the Plaosan Lor temple (north) and Plaosan Kidul temple (south). Both of the temples have squares terrace that is encircled by walls. The place of meditation shaped substation in the west and the stupa at the other side. Because of the similarity, so that the appearance of Plaosan Lor and Kidul temple nearly identical when viewed from a distance. So until now, the Plaosan temple also often called the 'twin temples'.

The building of Plaosan Lor temple has a central courtyard surrounded by a wall with entrances on the west. In the middle of courtyards, there is a hall measuring 21.62 m X 19 m. In the eastern part of a hall, there are three altars, namely south, east, and north altar. Overview of Aksobya, Vairochana, Ratnasambhava, and Amitabha are located in the eastern altar. Samantabadhara stupa and Ksitigarbha figure on the northern altar. Whereas an overview of Manjushri is located in the western altar.

Plaosan temple courtyard

The Plaosan Kidul temple also has a hall at the center that is encircled by 8 small temples that are divided into 2 ranks and each rank consists of 4 temples. There is also an overview of Tathagata Amitabha and Vajrapani with vajra attribute at the utpala and Pranjaparamita who was regarded as the 'mother of all Buddhas'. You can still see some of the other pictures, but not at the original place. In accordance with a Dutch scientist named Krom, Manujri figure is quite significant also found.

Part of bas relief this temple has a unique overview of man and woman. There is a man described as sitting cross-legged with worshipping hands and a figure of a man with vara mudra and vase at his leg encircled by six smaller men. A woman is described as standing with vara mudra hand while  around her there are book, vase, and pallet. Krom argued that figures of those men and women are descriptions of supporting patron from two monasteries.

The whole area Plaosan temple has 50 ancillary temples and 116 ancillary stupas. Ancillary temples are smaller sized. Similarly, ancillary stupas can be seen on all sides of the main temple. When you walk to the northern part, you can see opened building that called Mandapa. Two inscriptions can also be found, namely, an inscription written on the gold coins are in the north of the main temple and an inscription written on a stone is in the first row of Perwara temple.

Plaosan temple at dusk

One of the characteristics of Plaosan temple is the smooth surface of the terrace. Krom argued that the terrace of this temple is different with the terrace of other temples built in the same period. According to his opinions, it was associated with the function of the temple at the time suspected to store the canonical texts of Buddhist monks. Another opinion that came from Dutch scientists, if the number of pastors in the area a bit then maybe the terrace was used as a monastery (Buddhist place of worship).

If you look around the temple, you will know that the Plaosan temple is actually a broad temple region. It can be seen from the perimeter fence along 290 meters from west to east and 460 meters from north to south. Also interior fence consisting of trenches along 270 meters from west to east and 440 meters from north to south. Trenches that compile the interior part of the fence can you saw by walking toward the east through the center of this historic building.



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