Borobudur temple : historic tour wonders of the world

The resplendency Borobudur temple, wonders of the world in the archipelago - Talk about a row of temples in Indonesia, it is inseparable from the existence of Borobudur temple. Borobudur temple is a temple of Buddhist people and located in Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. Borobudur temple has become an icon of Central Java community and serve as a leading tourist spot in Central Java and surrounding areas. Although Borobudur entered the territory of Central Java, but because it is situated adjacent to the Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta so many companies bureau travel packages that include attractions Borobudur temple into package tours in Yogyakarta. It also makes Borobudur temple increasingly visited by tourists both domestic and foreign. Lots of foreign tourists who visited Borobudur temple, it is because Borobudur temple has been named as one of the 7 Wonders of the World.

The location of Borobudur temple
Borobudur Temple is located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. This location is approximately 100 km to the southwest of Semarang. If from Surakarta approximately 86 km westward, while if the Yogyakarta about 40 km towards the northwest.

History of Borobudur temple
The early construction of the temple of Borobudur began roughly during the reign of the Sailendra dynasty. Which is around the 9th century and at the time it was under the rule of King Samaratungga. The name of the architect of the Borobudur temple region is named Gunadharma who have succeeded in designing remarkable buildings, though not familiar with computer systems and other advanced technologies. The temple's regional development could be completed approximately 50 to 70 years later. Borobudur name is taken from the Sanskrit 'Vihara Buddha Uhr "meaning Buddhist Monastery on the Mount.

Borobudur temple at the time was used as the biggest center of religious activity. Until when the influence of Islam in the 15th century. People are starting to leave this temple because turning to Islam. When the eruption of Mount Merapi, Borobudur temple buried by volcanic ash up to the more memorable.

Borobudur is the largest Buddhist temple

In 1814, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles finally reveal the existence Borobudur temple after obtaining information about the existence of a large building were buried by volcanic ash. Not only buried by volcanic ash, the condition of the temple when it was discovered too much covered with shrubs.

Since the rediscovery, restoration and reconstruction efforts of the temple started from the British colonial period, the Dutch until Indonesia became independent. Indonesia continues to improve the condition of the Borobudur temple, which also received support from UNESCO and experts of cultural history from various parts of the world. After more than 10 centuries improvement and not well-maintained, the area of this temple is still standing strong today.

Description of the form of Borobudur temple
Borobudur Temple is generally shaped like a staircase punden community-owned prehistoric times. Borobudur temple is composed of six terraces with the square shape and on top there are three circular courtyard. In the temple walls are decorated by 2672 relief panels and 504 Buddha statues. At the center of the building there is a main stupa with the largest size among other stupas. Stupa at Borobudur temple amounted to 72 pieces in which there are statues of Buddha sitting cross-legged in the lotus position perfectly with mudra Dharmachakra mudra.



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